Why is Nicotine Addictive and How the Addiction Grows?
Smokers as well as health experts across the globe share a few questions about Nicotine in common. One question is that: ‘why nicotine is addictive?’ and the other is: ‘how addictive is nicotine’. Considering the troubles that a smoker faces during his attempts to quit smoking, the aspect of nicotine addiction gets established, without the scopes of any debate. Paragraphs underneath shall discuss why is nicotine addictive and throw light on topics like nicotine gum addiction.
Is Nicotine Really Addictive?
Before getting into the question, why is nicotine addictive, it is important to figure out, if it really creates an addiction. As far the aspect of nicotine addiction is concerned, it has already been proved scientifically, and these days, people are aware of the fact that consumption of nicotine develops a dependence that paves the way towards nicotine addiction.
As Nicotine enters the body, it stimulates the brain in a manner that you feel calm and pleasant. This feel-good factor creates a block for dependence on nicotine, eventually paving the way for nicotine addiction. In this regard, keep in mind that such addictions can grow from one looking to puff cigarettes, inhaling the E-Cig as well as for consumption of Nicotine gums and strips.
How Addictive is Nicotine?
Discussing about the point, why is nicotine addictive, you need to have a clear idea about the mechanism of nicotine addiction. After ample of research conducted on Nicotine addiction, it has been found that this agent stimulates the human brain for producing several effects. Thus, the primary task will be to explore the pathways for development of a dependence to nicotine.
The circuit of the human brain controls the pleasure feeling. The key chemical involved in controlling the human desire for the consumption of drugs is Domapine. It has been found that with increased intake of nicotine, the level of this chemical enhances in the reward circuit. This is exactly similar to the manner that works in instances of substance abuse. For the majority of the tobacco consumers, it is basically the seamless exposure to nicotine that eventually results in Nicotine addiction.
In addition, the Pharmokinetic attributes of nicotine enhances the potential of its abuse. With puffing, the brain receives a blast of nicotine and research shows that it just takes 10 seconds from the time of inhalation to reach to the optimum level. But, nicotine’s acute level dissipates fast and triggers the feeling of calmness. This influences the nicotine consumers to carry on the consumption for maintaining the pleasurable feeling and stop the withdrawal.
In this regard, it will make sense to refer to the work of M. J.Jarvis and I.P. Stolerman, in a case study titled as “The scientific Case that nicotine is addictive”, made in the year 1994. In this study, the authors considered several lines on nicotine addiction on human as well as on animals.
The manner of use by nicotine consumers as well as the notable intractability of the habit of smoking established the fact that constant exposure to nicotine created a dependence that trigger nicotine addiction. This paper, dealing with the question, why is nicotine addictive, eventually comes to the conclusion that it is basically the feeling of pleasure and the fear of withdrawal that triggers consumers to continue with the constant nicotine intake. The researchers also analyzed the mechanism for substance abuse and to the surprised finding, it was exactly identical to the pathway for nicotine addiction.
Thus, it will be right to conclude that nicotine addiction is basically the outcome of the constant intake of it that develops a feeling of dependence for maintaining a calm a pleasant state of mind.
Nicotine Gum Addiction:
How it works:
You should not conclude that nicotine addiction can grow from smoking or form consumption of other tobacco-based products, while the nicotine gums are fairly safe. On the contrary, nicotine gum addiction is one of the topics that is discussed widely across the globe. Smokers, after quitting the habit of smoking cigarettes, start the intake of these gums to satisfy the craving for nicotine. This way, they fall into the traps of addiction of nicotine in another way.
The paragraphs above that has discussed about why is nicotine addictive and how addictive is nicotine, has already accounted the reasons for the development of addiction towards the nicotine gum. Keep in mind that the development of nicotine addiction is solely due to the constant supply of nicotine to the brain that develops a dependence on it to maintain the feel-good feeling. Research suggests that these products contain nicotine in such volumes that is sufficient to trigger Nicotine High that gives a false impression about mental calmness. The consumer continues to intake nicotine gums, driven by that dependence. Eventually, the nicotine addiction gets to such extent that it becomes impossible for them to quit the habit of consuming these gums.
The work by M.A.H Russel, in a case study titled: “The Nicotine Addiction trap”, documented in the year 1990, explains how continuous nicotine consumption paves the way towards dependence. As per this study, starting from smoking 3 to 4 times in a day, a smoker is triggered to seek for more enjoyment and fun that makes him to enhance the extent of smoking, eventually falling into the trap of addiction, and showing exactly why is nicotine addictive. In the same manner, as you go on taking the nicotine gums, you will ultimately reach a state, wherein these items will become an indispensable part of person.
Thus, if you let the craving for nicotine to grow in an uncontrolled manner, the only outcome is that you will end up with nicotine addiction. Therefore, if you have managed to quit smoking, try not to get back into its traps, by getting hooked to nicotine gums. Likewise, if you have started consumption of nicotine gums, with no history of smoking, then do be aware of the nicotine pull which could easily lead one to start smoking.
If you have to win over nicotine addiction, the only way is to quit the intake of nicotine in all the probable forms. You simply need to stop the supply of nicotine to the brain that will enable you to overcome this deadly habit.
Nicotine high, alternatively known as nicotine buzz is a terminology that has gained a massive popularity across the globe. But, what this term refer to? Explained in simple terms, nicotine buzz refers to the Psychological as well as the physical feeling that revolves around nicotine, getting into the human body. Nicotine triggers an addiction towards cigarettes and it never happens by chance. It is a gradual process in the human brain and the body, stimulated by nicotine in some forms.
First-time smokers can experience high from nicotine to the maximum extent. Even those flocks who have given up the habit of smoking for a considerable span of time and after that, they resumed back puffing, starts feeling nicotine buzz as well. Any individual, smoking cigarette’s or taking products like nicotine gum high or nicotine patch high, starts feeling nicotine high, no matter they notice it happening or not.
An Overview of the Feeling of Nicotine High:
In the majority of the instances, someone taking nicotine products in any form will not notice the feeling associated with nicotine buzz. Hence, it will make sense to state the usual feeling experienced by people in these instances.
The feeling of nicotine high, in some cases, can be imperceptible for the reason that it eliminates the usual withdrawal symptoms. In the majority of instances, it makes the individual feel calmness. Especially in the instances of tobacco consumers, the nicotine buzz starts up front, upon the consumption of products that are high on nicotine. However, this feeling lasts for the smallest time span. As explained by those who felt the high nicotine, waves of calmness starts flowing over the consumer’s body and it eliminates the agitations, associated with withdrawal, just as the brain receives the nicotine. With the gradual rise in the extent of nicotine to the brain, consumers will feel that a feeling of relaxation and calmness is replacing the feeling of heaviness and stress.
Here is an excerpt of the process that triggers Nicotine High:
A consumer intakes nicotine through cigarette, chewable tobacco products, or maybe they inhale the electronic Cigar.
Within a flash, the nicotine gets to the brain and after getting there, nicotine gets attached to the Acetylcholine Receptors that monitors the extent of Dopamine in the human body.
Subsequently, Dopamine gets released into the body and it starts the feeling, associated with nicotine buzz.
Another pleasure-stimulating agent, ‘Serotonin’ is released into the body, triggered by nicotine.
The overall impact of these releases is that it will bring a feeling of calmness in your body and brain that will give you an impression about the withdrawal from stress and strain. It is for this reason that the majority of Tobacco consumers, feel like taking nicotine products, in between hectic work or in instances when they are going through some unpleasant times in life. Research now reveals the fact that nicotine buzz actually surpasses the feeling, creating more glucose inside the body. Nicotine high even reduces appetite and hence, immediately, after taking a puff, you will have a reduced feel of craving for food.
Are There any Chances of Overdose from Nicotine?
The possibilities for Overdose from nicotine are not a matter of chance, but it is almost inevitable. You need to keep in mind that nicotine is highly addictive and hence, as you start consuming nicotine in short intervals or to profuse extent, the only affect is that it will stimulate you, for taking more and more. Eventually, you turn into a soft target for nicotine and it starts controlling your senses, feeling and willpower. With any overdose of it, you develop a dependence on nicotine products that makes it almost impossible to withdraw from its consumption.
Now, here comes an interesting fact that will definitely make you to rethink about taking nicotine in any forms. Some people consider that products like nicotine gums, nicotine strips and the E-vapors are safe from the harmful effects of nicotine on the human body and mind. On the contrary, these products enhance the addiction towards nicotine and there is every chance that it will make you a smoker, consuming nicotine to higher extent.
This statement is supported by the outcome of the Jessica Barrington-Trimis studies that was conducted on the teenager smokers of E-vapors and various other consumers of Tobacco-based products, in any form. The research team included almost 200 respondents and to their observation, it came that the ones, who were using E-cig’s in very high extent, ended up, starting smoking regular cigarette. To the observation of the team, it is actually the feeling of nicotine buzz that stimulated these young people to start regular cigarettes or taking other nicotine products to satisfy the growing dependence on nicotine. This is definitely a worthy evidence to support the claim that smoking Nicotine E-cigarettes definitely contain sufficient extent of nicotine to trigger the feeling of high nicotine that stimulates the consumer to get addicted to nicotine.
Another research, conducted by a team from the Penn State College of Medicine, made similar observation, testing the Cigars from various popular brands. To their utter surprise, these products, though claimed to be apparently safe, contained substantially higher extent of nicotine, compared to what you will get in the regular cigarettes or other Tobacco-based products. Don’t you feel that such high content will intensify the feeling of nicotine buzz? It is for this reason that more and more users of E-cig’s and other products that are apparently claimed to be safe, actually intensifies the effects of high of nicotine, making nicotine an indispensable part of the consumer’s life.
Are there ways to Overcome Nicotine Buzz?
The only way to win over the challenge of nicotine high is that you should refrain from the consumption of nicotine-based items, completely. The two case studies discussed above are strong enough to establish how the apparently-safe nicotine products, actually intensifies the nicotine buzz. Hence, if you want to escape the unwanted instances, you should reduce and stay away from these products completely.
As some tricks and tips fight nicotine buzz, it will be wise to start practicing some breathing exercises. It is for the reason that such workouts control the secretion and function of hormones, controlling your senses. Another simple remedy is that you should consume water profusely that will calm down your nerves and hence, you will need not go through the nicotine high process of getting some satisfaction.
Most importantly, refrain from the consumption of nicotine products in those instances, when the propensity is towards the maximum extent. If you can win over such craving in instances like, just after the coffee, or after breakfast, lunch and dinner, you will definitely manage to win over the dependence on nicotine.
Case study: Nicotine addiction trap
By: M. A. H. RUSSELL
Case study: Scientific case that nicotine is addictive
By: I. P. Stolerman and M. J. Jarvis
Case Study: High-nicotine e-cigs up chance teen will become a smoker
By AIMEE CUNNINGHAM
Published: 2017 https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/high-nicotine-e-cigs-chance-teen-will-become-smoker
Case Study: Cigars may contain more nicotine
Published: 2017 http://lifestyle.iafrica.com/wellness/1056967.html
Effects of Nicotine on Biological Systems
Book By: Adlkofer and Thurau
Book By: Jack E. Henningfield, Edythe London and Sakire Pogun
Nicotine Addiction and Prevention
Book By: Giuseppe Di Giovanni
Nicotine Addiction – Principles and Management
Book By: C. Tracy Orleans and John D. Slade
Cigarettes, Nicotine, & Health
Book By: Lynn T. Kozlowski, Jack E. Henningfield and Janet Brigham
The Addicted Brain
Book By: Michael J. Kuhar
Neurobiology of Addictions
Book By: Shulamith L A Straussner, Richard T. Spencea and Diana M. Dinitto
Related Videos: (Expand)